Top 9 Common Poker Tells


At its core, Poker is a game of incomplete information, where each decision impacts the odds of winning. The study of poker ‘tells’—those subtle shifts in behavior or demeanor—unlocks a different dimension of the game. These clues often pass unnoticed but can be as revealing as an open book to those who know what to look for.

Scratching the Head or Neck

This gesture can be an unconscious action done by a player who is uncertain or in doubt about their hand. When you notice your opponent scratching their head or neck, there’s a fair chance they’re not fully confident about their cards. While this is not a surefire sign to make a decision, it does give you an additional piece of information to help make your choice. Keep in mind that seasoned players might use this tell deceptively, especially in online poker games, where they know others are watching.

Excessive Chatting or Silence

Players often exhibit behavior that deviates from their normal patterns when they’re unsure or too confident about their hands. An individual who usually chats but suddenly goes quiet could be focused on a hand they’re not sure about. On the other hand, a usually silent player who starts talking might be doing so to project an image of confidence, possibly to mask a weak hand. When you notice these shifts, take a moment to assess how it aligns with that individual’s usual poker behavior.

Shaking Hands

A player’s hands can shake for a variety of reasons including nerves, adrenaline, or even as a bluff. However, in most cases, this tell suggests a strong hand. The player could be subconsciously anxious about not maximizing their win or simply excited about the prospect of a big pot. To take advantage of this tell, consider the context in which it occurs and how that particular player has acted in similar situations before.

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Quick to Check or Bet

The speed at which a player makes their move can often indicate the strength of their hand. A quick check usually implies weakness or indifference towards the hand. The player doesn’t need much time to think because they don’t have anything significant to weigh. Conversely, a quick bet often indicates strength; the player knows they have a good hand and wants to build the pot. Again, seasoned players might use the speed of their actions to deceive, so factor in a player’s skill level when interpreting this tell.

Sudden Changes in Body Posture

You may notice that a player who suddenly sits up straight or leans into the table is more engaged in the hand. This could be because they have a strong set of cards and are now paying closer attention to the game. Conversely, a player who slouches might be signaling disinterest in the current hand due to weak cards. As with all tells, this isn’t an absolute indicator but can serve as an additional clue when piecing together a read on an opponent.

Repeated Glancing at Hole Cards

When players frequently look back at their hole cards, it’s often a sign that they’re not fully comfortable with their hand. They may have a drawing hand or a marginal holding and are checking to ensure they remember their cards correctly. Skilled players will typically glance at their hole cards once and commit them to memory, so multiple glances can be a tell for players who are less confident or experienced. Use this information to gauge how aggressively you might want to play against this opponent.

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Holding Breath or Shallow Breathing

Sometimes, the tension of a hand manifests in the way a player breathes. Holding one’s breath or adopting a shallow breathing pattern usually indicates a heightened state of focus or stress, which can signal a strong hand or a high-stakes bluff. If you notice someone across the table holding their breath or hear shallow breathing, take it as a cue to proceed with caution. Like other tells, this is not an infallible indicator but can be part of a larger picture you’re forming about an opponent’s hand.

Unnatural Speech Patterns

A sudden change in how someone speaks can offer clues to their hand’s strength. For example, if a usually articulate player starts to stumble over words or speaks in a softer voice, they might be bluffing. Conversely, forced casual talk or overly confident language can indicate an attempt to project strength where there might be none. Listen carefully to your opponents’ speech and note any changes, but remember that professional or highly skilled players might use deceptive speech intentionally.

Fidgeting with Chips or Cards

Players often subconsciously fidget when they are uncertain or excited about a hand. Playing with chips or nervously flipping cards can signal a lack of confidence or an abundance of enthusiasm. For example, someone repeatedly stacking and unstacking their chips might be eager but unsure how to proceed with a strong hand. Likewise, a player fidgeting with their hole cards could be contemplating a risky move. As with all tells, context is key; evaluate alongside other observed behaviors and the flow of the game to make a judgment.


The subtleties of poker ‘tells’ reveal a layer of the game often missed by the untrained eye. Understanding these cues can greatly contribute to strategic decision-making, adding an additional dimension to the complexities of the game.

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